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dscl query fails upon return to LAN

I have been using @bentoms Applescript to mount network shares with mixed results for about two years. I have had intermittent issues with shares not mounting, but I haven't had the time to do any in-depth diagnosis. Due to some ongoing organizational changes I have retired that script and I have written a bash script that performs a similar function but with different logic and lots more logging.

The logging has directed me to what I believe is the reason why I have been having intermittent issues with the share mounting: when a device has been off our LAN and has returned to the LAN without being shut down, it appears unable to completely browse AD using dscl. This occurs despite having a valid kerberos ticket and being able to access network resources without manual authentication. Since the script cannot query AD, it does not perform as expected.

The script tries to read Active Directory/mycompany/mycompany.org. On an affected device, if I open a terminal window and enter dscl in interactive mode, I can browse using cd and ls, but I can only browse to the Active Directory/mycompany/ level. I can see All Domains with an ls command, but I can't progress past this point. I receive this error:

/Active Directory/XXXX > ls
All Domains
/Active Directory/XXXX > cd All\ Domains
cd: Invalid Path
<dscl_cmd> DS Error: -14009 (eDSUnknownNodeName)
/Active Directory/XXXX > cd mycompany.org
cd: Invalid Path
<dscl_cmd> DS Error: -14009 (eDSUnknownNodeName)

If I restart the machine then I am able to browse AD successfully.

I suspected that this had to do with the account losing some component of their domain privileges during the off-LAN period, however, if I log in as a non-domain user I am able to browse using dscl.

My options at this point are to:
a.) test for a null result from the dscl lookup and notify the user that they must reboot in order to mount network shares
b.) figure out why AD is not browseable in that situation and take some action to remediate

I would rather not force users to restart in these situations. Has anyone else experienced this? Any ideas how to get past this issue? FWIW I am also unable to auth into AD while on an affected device.

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SOLVED Posted: 7/31/15 at 10:56 AM by davidacland

Hi,

This is a really common issue unfortunately. The "/Active Directory/XXXXXX/" part is present on all bound Macs, regardless whether they are on the LAN or not. If you have a look at a Mac with its ethernet cable unplugged and wifi switched off you'll see that you can get that far. As soon as you try to go any deeper it requires an actual connection to a domain controller.

The most common cause is opendirectoryd as its triggers to check for connectivity to the DC can be a little erratic. If the eDSUnknownNodeName error occurs, I would probably add into your script steps to:

  1. Check the Mac is on the LAN with a ping check (or something similar)
  2. Restart opendirectoryd
  3. Wait 60 seconds
  4. Run the dscl check again
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SOLVED Posted: 8/8/15 at 11:07 AM by bentoms

Hey @lwindram.

The AppleScript is probably failing as the clients will not have a Kerberos ticket upon return to your LAN.

Can you share the amends you made to my AppleScript?

It should prompt the users for username & password when connecting without a Kerberos ticket. (It does for us).

So the AD group membership lookups should still work.

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SOLVED Posted: 8/9/15 at 6:12 AM by pickerin

I've seen this issue as well. I have an extension attribute that identifies machines that are "No longer bound to AD". When a machine is in this state, they cannot change their password via System Preferences / Account (the change password button is greyed out); however, they are still able to perform multiple functions on the domain.

After a time on the wire, the machine will return itself "to the fold", and it will be working normally again. Your description seems to match what I'm seeing as well, though I've been unable to determine a root cause. I agree with you, they have a valid Kerberos ticket, so that's not it...it seems to be more related to the computer account itself, but I'm speculating (though I know that leaving the domain, and then rebinding will always correct the problem).

I am going to try David's opendirectoryd recycle though and see if that fixes it.

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SOLVED Posted: 8/11/15 at 6:18 AM by lwindram

@ bentoms - the issue that I had with your script failing wasn't due to any errors within the script. We are a smaller organization and have an increasing number of users who need regular access to shares outside of those typically assigned to their AD group. Conversely, we also have some AD groups that map shares that all members may not have access to. In the first circumstance, the user is required to manually map any non-standard drives. In the second, the Applescript errors out when it attempts to mount a share that the user does not have access to. I realize that this is an AD issue and not a problem with your script, but I don't manage AD, so I have to play the hand I am dealt.

I use a brute force attempt with this script - it attempts to mount all group shares on our network. I will be the first to admit that it is not an elegant solution, however it has been working (albeit somewhat slowly).

The issue in my original post doesn't appear top be with the Kerberos ticket, but instead is some wrinkle with the binding. I tried the approach suggested by @davidacland , but it did not resolve this issue. I instead elected to notify the user that network resources would be unavailable until a reboot occurs, as this resolves the issue every time.

The script is as follows:

#!/bin/bash

###############################
#
#   General Description:
#   Determines the current logged in user and mounts appropriate network shares
#   Run via LaunchAgent
#   Requires CocoaDialog    
#
#
#   Specific Description:
#   Gathers current logged in user
#   Performs dscl queries to gather AD attributes for user
#   Gathers IP address and SSID if applicable - to determine whether device is on domain
#   Verifies Kerberos ticket - renews if necessary
#   Verifies user is a domain user
#   Mounts logged in user home drive specified in AD record
#   Attempts to mount all common network shares
#
#   Notes:
#   It uses a brute force approach for mounting shared resources - it may not be 
#   an advisable method if you audit access attempts.
#      Credit to [~bentoms] - I adapted a lot of this from his Applescript share mounting script
#      Credit to [~rtrouton] - I used his script logging function from CasperCheck verbatim.
#
#   Exit Codes:
#       0 - normal script completion
#       1 - Device not on GRCS network
#       2 - Reported user is not a domain account
#       3 - User declined to enter authentication credentials
#       4 - Unable to query dscl
#
#   Script is run as user, log files are written per user to the users home directory
#   NOT TESTED WITH FAST USER SWITCHING - MAY NOT WORK AS EXPECTED!!
#
#   Author: Luke Windram
#   Created: 07/28/15
#   Modified: 08/06/15
#   Version: 1.1
#
#
###############################

################################
#
# Variable Assignment Section
#
################################

### Calculated variables

# Capture AD username of current logged in user

USERNAME=$(who |grep console| awk '{print $1}')

### User modifiable variables

# Location of CocoaDialog.app
CD="/private/var/CocoaDialog.app/Contents/MacOS/CocoaDialog"

# For the log_location variable, put the preferred 
# location of the log file for this script. If you 
# don't have a preference, use the default setting

LOG_FOLDER="/Users/$USERNAME/.log/"

if [ ! -e $LOG_FOLDER ]; then
    mkdir $LOG_FOLDER
fi

LOG_LOCATION="$LOG_FOLDER/mountLog"

# servers

HS="hs-server"
MS="ms-server"
IR="es-fp01"
EV="ev-server"
RC="rockford-fp1"
UT="util"
CO="adm-fp01"

################################
#
# Function Section
#
################################

# Function to provide logging of the script's actions to
# the log file defined by the log_location variable

ScriptLogging(){

    DATE=`date +%Y-%m-%d\ %H:%M:%S`
    LOG="$LOG_LOCATION"   
    echo "$DATE" " $1" >> $LOG
}

# Function to pull ip address

IPAddress(){

    for i in $(seq 0 10);
    do
        ipconfig getifaddr en$i
        if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
            IPshort=$(ipconfig getifaddr en$i | cut -c -5)
            IPfull=$(ipconfig getifaddr en$i)
        fi
    done 
    WIRELESS=$(/System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/Apple80211.framework/Resources/airport -I | grep AirPort: | awk '{print $2}')
    SSID=$(/System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/Apple80211.framework/Resources/airport -I | awk '/ SSID: / {print $2}')

}

# Function to verify IP Address is local and log that address
# exits script if IP is not local

VerifyIP(){

    if [ $IPshort = "10.48" ]; then
        ScriptLogging "HS IP Address detected: $IPfull"
    elif [ $IPshort = "10.49" ]; then
        ScriptLogging "EV IP Address detected: $IPfull"
    elif [ $IPshort = "10.50" ]; then
        ScriptLogging "IR/CO IP Address detected: $IPfull"
    elif [ $IPshort = "10.51" ]; then
        ScriptLogging "MS IP Address detected: $IPfull"
    else
        ScriptLogging "Off Campus address detected: $IPfull"
        DisconnectAll
        ScriptLogging "======== Exiting ========"
        exit 1
    fi

}

# Function to verify user is connected to local SSID and log SSID

VerifySSID(){

if [ "$WIRELESS" != "Off" ]; then
    ScriptLogging "Device connected to $SSID"
    if [ "$SSID" != "GRCS" ]; then
        if [ "$SSID" != "GRCS_A" ]; then
            ScriptLogging "$SSID is not a GRCS SSID"
            DisconnectAll
            ScriptLogging "======== Exiting ========"     
            exit 1
        fi
    fi
else
    ScriptLogging "Not Connected via Wireless"
fi

}

# Function to verify kerberos ticket

CDVerifyTicket(){

/usr/bin/klist | /usr/bin/grep krbtgt
if [ $? = 0 ]; then
    ScriptLogging "Kerberos Ticket valid"
    /usr/bin/kinit -R
    if [ $? != 0 ]; then
        ScriptLogging "Unable to automatically extend Kerberos Ticket"
        ScriptLogging "Manually extending to avoid imminent expiration"
        RenewTicket
    fi
else
    ScriptLogging "Kerberos Ticket expired or non-existent"
    RenewTicket
fi

}

# Function to renew kerberos ticket

RenewTicket(){

AUTHCREDS=$($CD secure-standard-inputbox --title "Authentication Required" --no-newline \
    --informative-text "Enter your password to access GRCS network resources"  --no-cancel \
    --float)


##### commented out area is intended to be used if user is provided the option to cancel above
#if [ $($AUTHCREDS | awk '{print $1}') = 2 ]; then
#   ScriptLogging "$USERNAME chose not to authenticate."
#   ScriptLogging "======== Exiting ========"
#   exit 3
#else

echo $AUTHCREDS | awk '{print $2}' | kinit -l 10h -r 10h --password-file=STDIN
    ScriptLogging "Kerberos Ticket Renewed by user"

}

# Function to mount specified share

Connect(){

    mkdir /Volumes/$2
    echo $1 $2
    mount -t smbfs //$USERNAME@$1/$2 /Volumes/$2
    if [ $? != 0 ]; then
        rmdir /Volumes/$2
        ScriptLogging "Did not mount $1/$2 - Permission Denied"
    else
        $CD bubble --title "Drive Mounted" \
        --text "Successfully connected to $1/$2" \
        --icon "fileserver" \
        --timeout "15"
        ScriptLogging "Mounted $1/$2"
    fi
}

# Function to connected to nested share

HConnect(){

    mkdir /Volumes/Z_drive
    echo $1 $2
    mount -t smbfs //$USERNAME@$1/$2 /Volumes/Z_drive
    if [ $? != 0 ]; then
        rmdir /Volumes/Z_drive
        ScriptLogging "Error: Could not mount $1/$2"
    else
        $CD bubble --title "Drive Mounted" \
        --text "Successfully connected to $1/$2" \
        --icon "fileserver" --timeout "15"
        ScriptLogging "Mounted $1/$2"
    fi
}

# Function to disconnect all network resources

DisconnectAll(){

    cd /Volumes
    for file in .* *; 
    do 
    if [ "$file" != "Macintosh HD" ]; then
        umount /Volumes/"$file"
    fi
    done
    ScriptLogging "Disconnected all currently unused network shares"

}

#################################
#
# Script Section
#
#################################

ScriptLogging "======== Starting Drive Mounting ========" 

# Verify on GRCS network 

IPAddress
VerifyIP
VerifySSID

# Gather AD information from dscl

ACCOUNT_TYPE=$(dscl . -read /Users/$USERNAME | grep UniqueID | cut -c 11- )
NODENAME=$(dscl . -read /Users/$USERNAME | awk '/^OriginalNodeName:/,/^Password:/' | head -2 | tail -1 | cut -c 2- )
ADHOMESERVER=$(dscl "$NODENAME" -read /Users/$USERNAME | grep SMBHome: | cut -c 10- | sed 's_\\_ _g' | awk '{ print $1 }' )
ADSHAREPATH=$(dscl "$NODENAME" -read /Users/$USERNAME | grep SMBHome: | cut -c 10- | sed 's_\\_ _g' | awk '{first = $1; $1 = ""; print $0; }' | sed 's_ __' | sed 's_ _/_g' )

if [ -z $ADHOMESERVER ] || [ -z $ADSHAREPATH ]; then
    ScriptLogging "Unable to query AD for smb home"
    $CD bubble --title "ERROR ENCOUNTERED" \
    --text "Computer must be rebooted to access network resources" \
    --icon "stop" --notimeout
    exit 4
fi

# Check to see if account is an AD Account, if it is not then exit

if [[ "$ACCOUNT_TYPE" -le "500" ]]; then
    ScriptLogging "Account is not a domain account."
    ScriptLogging "UID is $ACCOUNT_TYPE"
    ScriptLogging "======== Exiting ========"
    exit 2
else
    ScriptLogging "$USERNAME is a domain account"
    ScriptLogging "UID is $ACCOUNT_TYPE"
fi

CDVerifyTicket

# Preliminaries out of the way - let's get to work.

DisconnectAll

ScriptLogging "Attempting to mount shares for $USERNAME"

HConnect $ADHOMESERVER $ADSHAREPATH


# Connect to HS shares

Connect $HS HS-Video
Connect $HS HS-Theatre
Connect $HS HS-Staffpub
Connect $HS HS-Public
Connect $HS quicken
Connect $HS HS-Office
Connect $HS HS-Media
Connect $HS HS-Helpdesk
Connect $HS CAW
Connect $HS Athletics
Connect $HS ESS
Connect $HS WinterimSocialMedia

# Connect to MS shares

Connect $MS MS-Video
Connect $MS MS-Staffpub
Connect $MS MS-Public
Connect $MS MS-Office
Connect $MS MS-Media
Connect $MS MS-Yearbook
Connect $MS MS-Handin

# Connect to CO Shares

Connect $CO CO-Staffpub
Connect $CO Library
Connect $CO Development
Connect $CO Admissions
Connect $CO Finance
Connect $CO Instruction

# Connect to IR Shares

Connect $IR IR-Video
Connect $IR IR-Staffpub
Connect $IR IR-Public
Connect $IR IR-Office
Connect $IR IR-Handin

# Connect to EV Shares

Connect $EV EV-Staffpub
Connect $EV EV-Public
Connect $EV EV-Office

# Connect to RCS Shares

Connect $RC RC-Video
Connect $RC RC-Staffpub
Connect $RC RC-Public
Connect $RC RC-Office
Connect $RC RC-Handin

ScriptLogging "======== Exiting ========"

exit 0
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SOLVED Posted: 8/19/15 at 5:00 PM by bentoms

@lwindram thanks for reporting back!

We all have different setups, happy you've found something that works!

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