I've done this both with System Image Utility (with a configured Mac) and also Casper Imaging.
Source is a fresh 10.8.3 install, same with the Recovery partition.
Imaging works successfully and both partitions are layed down, but if you restart the Mac and hold down Command R, it does not boot from the Recovery partition, but instead attempts Internet Recovery (assuming the Mac is capable of doing so).
If you hold down the secret keyboard shortcut Command Option Shift R, this forces OS X to start up from the local recovery partition. While this works, it's also inconvenient.
Anyone ever seen this? Have a different workaround?
The OS volume is at /dev/disk2 and the Recovery partition is at /dev/disk3 (/dev/disk1 is the EFI partition).
Taking a look, it may be that the Recovery partition type is Apple_HFS when it should be Apple_Boot. Again, I've seen this happen with System Image Utility-created NetRestore images, so I'm not sure this is a Casper Imaging problem...